Natural diamonds may look greasy and are not brilliant. Through a process of cutting that can include cleaving, sawing and laser cutting, a diamond will be cut into facets in order that its brilliance can show by the refraction of light. The stone will then take on the traditional characteristics of a sparkling diamond.
The shape of a diamond can also be referred to as its “cut”. This should not be confused with the more commonly used term of diamond cut, which describes how well the diamond has been polished from the raw material.
Here are five of the most popular cuts.
Round Brilliant – The Round Brilliant, often considered to be of ideal proportions to maximise brilliance and fire, is a popular choice for many and is the most requested diamond shape available today.
Princess – The Princess, often considered the most popular non-round diamond, and with its beautiful brilliance and unique cut marks it out as a favourite for engagement rings.
Emerald – The Emerald, with its broad flat pane, truncated corners and step cut, stands out because of its pavilion, which is cut with rectangular facets to create a unique optical appearance.
Pear – The Pear Cut is a popular fancy cut and it’s also called a teardrop for its single point and rounded end.
Heart shaped diamonds – Often considered the ultimate symbol of love, the heart has a distinguished appearance and helps to make it a distinctive choice for a variety of diamond jewellery.
There are others and the friendly retailers in Hatton Garden will be willing to show you different cuts of diamonds and explain more about them when you are searching for your perfect piece of jewellery.